The entertainment industry has had dramatic progress in the last few decades and it has a large share of financial resources. To notice the importance of this it is enough that we know how much time is spent on this entertainment. Advanced consoles for playing video games, different sorts of games, and colorful casinos all over the world are just a part of the entertainment industry.
Well, I am glad to live in the 21st century and have the experience of advanced technology as a person who is interested in a variety of games and spends most of his time playing and learning, but the subject that occupies my mind is related to the past. For example, what did entertain a child in the 19th century? He might play Scrabble and spent most of his free time playing it! Or is the category of entertainment and play only for children?
It took me a long time to reach interesting answers. One of the answers was that people had not only this blessing but also more enjoyable entertainment. Backgammon was one of those entertainments. When I came across the backgammon board for the first time, I did not think that this simple box would fascinate me! The sound of dice rolling on the wooden board and the movement of beads among the sections of the box nailed me a few minutes. That was a wonderful craft. I decided to learn the game very soon and I gradually learned something from the history of the game. The thought of a game dating back thousands of years to the present surprised me. Will someone play god of war in two thousand years?
According to historians, backgammon was created in Egypt 2500 years ago, until very old backgammon made of ebony and agate dating back more than 3200 years was found in one of the southeastern cities of Iran in 2004. Then, backgammon was exported to different countries by early cultures such as Greece and Egypt and was played by the aristocracy. When the Romans took this game to England, it was most welcomed and it has been permanent there.
Backgammon was a fascinating game and popular gambling among the classy level of the British during the middle ages. The high popularity of backgammon and gambling led to the game being banned in the UK during the Eighth Henry era. The Archbishop of the Catholic Church, Thomas Wolsey, ordered that all backgammon be burned in 1926. However, most backgammon players did not take Thomas’s order seriously and this was a new beginning for a design for the game board. They made the new design in such a way that it is folded from the middle so that it looks like a book when it is closed and it can be hidden among bookshelves.
Backgammon has been changed legally for many years. Everyone played with his own rules until the first law of backgammon was published by English Edmond Hill. Backgammon became popular in most European countries until chess replaced backgammon in the late 19th century that was played by courts and literate people, but backgammon was a fashionable and popular gamble that almost anyone could play in the 18th century. However backgammon needed knowledge, but the presence of dice was a factor for victory and luck. The Italian author, Giacomo Casanova was one of the backgammon gamblers. "Although he was unlucky with the dice, the importance of his bad luck was less than his knowledge of the game”, he said, quoting the Marquis.
The nineteenth century was the heyday of chess and backgammon had lost its place, but the 1972 chess championship revived the backgammon. Many believed that chess was a difficult and slow game and backgammon was much better than chess in many ways. They returned to backgammon because its learning was relatively easy and it was easy to gamble and it depended on luck that the loser would be allowed to curse the dice instead of his incompetence.
Backgammon is the United States followed an open pattern of the game in England. The interest in playing in England and the United States was dramatically increased after making the device of doubling score. Then, John Crawford and Oswald Jacobi from the United States made the latest changes to backgammon rules that have been used as standard rules. Many charities used backgammon to raise funds in the United States in the 1960s. Many clubs were established and many people applied to learn backgammon.
Important people like the president came to watch the matches and valuable prizes were awarded. The reason for the attractiveness of the backgammon and the continuation of this game till now maybe Crawford’s answer to New York Times reporter when he asked, why are you interested in backgammon John? The first reason is that learning is easy, but the control of the game is difficult. The second reason is that it is a great combination of luck and skill. The third reason is that the game is easy by using the cube. The fourth reason is that it is fast. The fifth reason is that women enjoy it as much as men because women cannot compete with men in most of the fields, but they have a better function in this game than in most of the games. Stress and strength factors are not that much, Crawford answered by counting his fingers.